ubuntu16.04 14.04更换源

61    2017-08-23 14:56

一:问题概述

      ubuntu,我们在使用apt新装软件的时候,会使用官方的网站去下载软件,但是会因为国内的转接点太多,而导致下载的速度非常慢 ,我们可以通过换成一些中间的节点来进行下载,比如阿里源,中科大源,清华源等等,这样的网站,他们会定时和官方的源进行同步和更新,而我们直接同步他们,速度就会比直接同步官方的源快很多,这样能够大大增加我们的下载软件的速度。

二:ubuntu系统更换源

     更换源的方法非常简单:修改/etc/apt/sources.list文件即可

2.1:进入/etc/apt/

cd /etc/apt

2.2:修改sources.list文件

sudo vi sources.list (要有管理员权限)

2.3:可以在修改前先对 sources.list文件进行备份

sudo cp sources.list sources.list.bak

2.4:删除掉sources.list的其他内容,任意选择一种源的内容复制粘贴进去,保存,例如,选择阿里源

2.5:更新apt

sudo apt-get update

三:ubuntu各个版本的阿里云源内容

3.1:ubuntu16.04 LTS

3.1.1:阿里源:

deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial main restricted #Added by software-properties
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted multiverse universe #Added by software-properties
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted multiverse universe #Added by software-properties
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse #Added by software-properties
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu xenial partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu xenial partner
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted multiverse universe #Added by software-properties
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security multiverse

3.1.2:东北大学:

deb-src http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted #Added by software-properties

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted

deb-src http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial restricted multiverse universe #Added by software-properties

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted

deb-src http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted multiverse universe #Added by software-properties

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial universe

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial multiverse

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates multiverse

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse #Added by software-properties

deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu xenial partner deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu xenial partner

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted

deb-src http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted multiverse universe #Added by software-properties

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe

deb http://mirror.neu.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security multiverse

3.1.3:清华大学:

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial universe

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial multiverse

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates multiverse

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted

deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security multiverse

3.2:ubuntu 14.04 LTS

3.2.1:Ubuntu 官方更新服务器(欧洲,此为官方源,国内较慢,但无同步延迟问题,电信、移动/铁通、联通等公网用户可以使用):

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

Ubuntu官方提供的其他软件(第三方闭源软件等):

deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu/ trusty partner

deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty main

3.2.2:阿里云:

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

3.2.3:以下为有教育网接入的服务器(推荐教育网用户使用,部分非教育网用户也有可观的速度。教育网用户请优先使用IPv6地址。

中国科学技术大学更新服务器(位于合肥,千兆教育网接入,百兆电信/联通线路智能路由),由中科大Linux 用户协会和中科大学网络信息中心维护,包含其他开源镜像,Deepin 官方服务器 实际亦指向此处:

deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-security main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-security main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://debian.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main multiverse restricted universe

IPv6-Only 地址

deb http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-security main multiverse restricted universe

deb http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-security main multiverse restricted universe

deb-src http://mirrors6.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main multiverse restricted universe

3.2.4搜狐更新服务器(山东联通千兆接入,官方中国大陆地区镜像跳转至此) ,包含其他开源镜像:

deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

3.2.5:网易163更新服务器(广东广州电信/联通千兆双线接入),包含其他开源镜像:

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse




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